In February Davis returned to New York City, feeling good "for the first time in a long time", mentally and physically stronger, and joined a gym. He again played with Parker and Gillespie. Parker became a roommate. While Parker's song "Now's the Time", Davis played a solo which anticipated cool jazz. Louis and stayed with his father for several months. In Paris he reunited with Greco for the first time since This group appeared on his final albums for Prestige: The electric period[ edit ] Davis performing in In September , Davis married year-old model and songwriter Betty Mabry. The incident left him with a graze and Eskridge unharmed. Although he was too busy to move to Spain with her, they "remained lovers for many years". Second quintet[ edit ] Davis performing in Antibes, France in July In December , Davis, Kelly, Chambers, Cobb, and Rollins played together for the last time as the first three wanted to leave and play as a trio. He assumed a central role in hard bop , which was slower than bebop, less radical in harmony and melody, and often used popular songs and American standards as starting points for improvisation.
He returned to the hospital in August after a fall required the insertion of a plastic hip joint. This group appeared on his final albums for Prestige: The story was reported in DownBeat magazine, which caused a further reduction in work, though he was acquitted weeks later. Each album helped establish Davis's quintet as one of the best. The trip, he said, "changed the way I looked at things forever". Davis befriended boxer Johnny Bratton and began his interest in the sport. Second quintet[ edit ] Davis performing in Antibes, France in July In December , Davis, Kelly, Chambers, Cobb, and Rollins played together for the last time as the first three wanted to leave and play as a trio. Their live repertoire was a mix of bebop, standards from the Great American Songbook and pre-bop eras, and traditional tunes. The touring band of — which consisted of Shorter, Corea, Holland, and DeJohnette never completed a studio recording together and became known as the "lost quintet". In January , Davis spent three months in the hospital due to a liver infection. On August 25, , during a recording session at the Birdland nightclub in New York City for the US armed services, he took a break outside the club. A performance by Les Ballets Africains drew him to slower, deliberate music that allowed the creation of solos from harmony rather than chords. Signing with Prestige, drug addiction, and hard bop[ edit ] After returning from Paris in mid, he became depressed and found little work, which included a short engagement with Powell in October and guest spots in New York City, Chicago, and Detroit until January Davis reunited with Cawthon and their daughter when they moved to New York City. The composition displays Davis's transition from post-bop to jazz fusion. About a week after the photograph for the album E. This quintet lasted through Teo Macero returned as his engineer and record producer after their rift over Quiet Nights had healed. Released in August , Kind of Blue was an instant success, with widespread radio airplay and rave reviews from critics. In December Davis quit,  claiming he was not being paid. Its front cover shows a photograph of his wife, Frances Taylor, after Davis demanded that Columbia depict black women on his album covers. During the next month, he recorded his second session for Prestige as band leader. The album contained long compositions, some over twenty minutes, that were never played in the studio but were constructed from several takes by Macero and Davis. In September, the band completed their sole engagement as the opening band for Count Basie at the Royal Roost for two weeks. On his first trip abroad Davis took a strong liking for Paris and its cultural environment, where he felt black jazz musicians and people of color in general were better respected than in America. In Paris he reunited with Greco for the first time since But he continued to use cocaine.
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